Document Word Clouds: Visualising Web Documents as Tag Clouds to Aid Users in Relevance Decisions
Information Retrieval systems spend a great effort on determining the significant terms in a document. When, instead, a user is looking at a document he cannot benefit from such information. He has to read the text to understand which words are important. In this paper we take a look at the idea of enhancing the perception of web documents with visualisation techniques borrowed from the tag clouds of Web 2.0. Highlighting the important words in a document by using a larger font size allows to get a quick impression of the relevant concepts in a text. As this process does not depend on a user query it can also be used for explorative search. A user study showed, that already simple TF-IDF values used as notion of word importance helped the users to decide quicker, whether or not a document is relevant to a topic.